Why the different childbirth rules?

June 21st, 2017 Posted by Ask the Rabbi 17 comments

In Leviticus 12 it talks about the purification of women after childbirth.

Why is the woman considered unclean for twice the amount of time if she gives birth to a female than if she gives birth to a male? (I understand being unclean from a medical perspective of healing, but I thought it took the same amount to heal regardless of gender) 

Elin

Dear Elin,

Our egos are struggling here! It seems that you have not read every Thought Tool or Ask the Rabbi that we have posted. (Disclaimer: we are smiling as we write this)

One of the absolutely worst translation mistakes in Scripture substitutes the word ‘unclean’ for the Hebrew word ‘TaMEI’. If we could, we would go through all English Bibles crossing that word out.

Please look at these two posts where we refute the bad translation and then come back so that we can deal with your specific question.

http://rabbidaniellapin.com/sabotaging-success/

http://rabbidaniellapin.com/what-do-the-words-abomination-and-unclean-mean/

Having, hopefully, expunged that terrible translation from your mind, we want to preface our answer by saying that we cannot do justice to this topic in the format available to us, but we do hope to give you a glimpse into reality.

Now that you understand a bit more about what the word TaMEI conveys, you will see that the physical act of childbirth renders a woman TaMEI. She has lost a living part of herself and as much as she rejoices in the new baby, her body no longer houses a new life. That is a reality that mustn’t be ignored for her to move forward in a spiritually and mentally healthy way.

As to the discrepancy between giving birth to a son or a daughter,  if you think about it, you might see the beginning of an answer. In The Thorn Birds,  Colleen McCullough’s best-selling book, the mother gives birth to many boys and one girl. There is a poignant sentence which speaks of her wonderment at having boys emerge from her body which isn’t present where her daughter is concerned. She (partially mistakenly) thinks that she understands her daughter by virtue of shared femininity.

It is true that mothers have a deep understanding that the future ability to nurture new life is already present in their infant daughter’s body. They have given birth to someone who, with God’s blessing, will give birth as well. The extended period of TaMEI when the Temple stood, reflected that understanding.

Your question, like many we receive had multiple parts. As we did in this case, we often edit these questions to answer only one part. It is the only way that we can keep this column from becoming too long. We hope that this at least starts you down a fresh, many thousands of years old, way of thinking.

Now go cross out all the ‘unclean’s in your Bible,

Rabbi Daniel and Susan Lapin

 

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17 comments

Don & Sarah D. says:

What a great explanation! My husband and I are wondering what other words are translated incorrectly. Really makes you wonder! We keep hearing that the KJV is the only version that is legitimate with no errors. Obviously there are errors. Your explaination totally changes that part of the bible for us. Also…how do we search through your “ask the rabbi?” We’d like to see if you’ve touched on ancient Jewish wisdom for discipline. Our 2 year old has been a handful, but we’re attempting gentle Christian parenting. Hearing from others …like family…that we need to be spanking. We strongly feel against this. Anyway, we’d like to search your site for info. Thank you. Sarah & Don

Susan Lapin says:

We love to clear up mistakes that come through mistranslations and, as we often do, add to a translation that might be adequate but insufficient. To search Ask the Rabbi, go to the main Ask the Rabbi page http://rabbidaniellapin.com/category/ask-the-rabbi/ and on the top right there is a search bar. I put in ‘discipline’ and got a few choices. I hope one of them helps.

Sarah says:

Great! Thank you so much, Susan! I realized why I can never find the search option…apparently our different android devices don’t show the search bar in the browser. I can see it on my husband’s laptop though, yay! was worried we were going nuts for a minute. 😉

Susan Lapin says:

Isn’t technology wonderful and frustrating!

Peter B. says:

“We keep hearing that the KJV is the only version that is legitimate with no errors.”

Hi Don & Sarah D.:

I’ve also encountered this notion that the KJV (King James , or “Authorized” Version) of the Bible is “the perfect translation”.

A number of years ago, upon joining a well established Christian church in the area to which we had relocated, and since the King James Version is my preferred translation, I at first found this to be very endearing. After moving into a leadership position, however, I quickly realized that there was something very serious, even pathological going on. At least within the southern evangelical denomination that we had decided to make our church home, anyone, member or otherwise, who deigned to suggest a better translation of even a single word of the KJV was immediately labeled a “Bible correcter”.

They even went so far as to use the scripture Romans 16:17 “… mark them which cause divisions and offences contrary to the doctrine which ye have learned ; and avoid them.” in order to justify and enforce this dogma.

We’re all free to draw our own conclusions as to what constitutes good, right, and healthy. But I’ve also learned that there is such a thing as toxic faith, and it can become a real problem. Just as all of us need oxygen to stay alive, while 100% oxygen for more than a few days can begin to destroy our lungs and will eventually prove lethal, too much of a good thing can be a very bad thing.

There’s a great book titled Toxic Faith by Stephen Arterburn & Jack Felton (1991, 2001) which I found quite fascinating. It’s also a book that I would highly recommend to anyone interesting in the topic.

Sarah says:

Great thank you for the info! I’ll be sure to share this with my husband this evening! We’ll have to check out that book. thanks! Sarah

Karen Jones says:

Dear Don and Sarah , I have understood this to mean that there are no errors ( that would change the meaning of , although there are obviously differences in occasional spellings , words, etc) in the original texts, and that the King James version comes closest to the correct translation in English . This is why I enjoy reading Susan and Rabbi Lapin’s explanations of Hebrew and their understanding of how it is used. In our Bible study we all bring various translations and read them a verse at a time around the table, often taking time to look words up when translations SEEM to go different directions . We used to have a sweet old Catholic lady who brought her Catholic bible which of course led to lots of discussion and good natured ribbing. ( we are Baptists, Congregationalists, a wide mix of Christians ) What we have found is that although there may have many differences in translation for the most part they do NOT disagree on the basic meaning. I would not base my belief in inerrancy ( of meaning ) on a translation but on the original texts . Just my thoughts.

Sarah says:

Good point, Karen! Thank you! also…sounds like you have a really great bible study group! I need to see if the Lapin’s have a book with the Hebrew translations. If so…wow…that’d be an invaluable resource. :)) We hope to learn more!

Kindra Gibson says:

I enjoy your Jewish wisdom article’s. May the Master of this universe God almighty bless you and keep you in the palm of his hands.

Susan Lapin says:

Thank you so much, Kindra.

Sheila Willis says:

“They have given birth to someone who, with God’s blessing, will give birth as well. The extended period of TaMEI when the Temple stood, reflected that understanding.”

Please explain a bit more. I don’t understand the connection. Thank you.

Sheila Willis says:

I am sorry. The second half of the quote is where I do not understand the connection.

Susan Lapin says:

Thanks for giving us the chance to clarify, Sheila. The time periods spoken about here that are different for boy and girl infants, in Leviticus, only applied when the Temple was standing.

Michael says:

Only applied when the Temple was standing? I’m still confused. Which temple? 1st Temple, 2nd Temple? With Leviticus being written long before either of these Temples or is it another Temple? I’m a bit lost. Sorry.

Susan Lapin says:

Both Temples. Leviticus was taught to Moses by God on Mt. Sinai with guidance and laws that did not only, or sometimes at all, apply in the desert. The concepts from when the Temples were standing still affect our lives, but there were things, such as animal sacrifices that don’t exist when the Temple isn’t standing.

Sonia P. says:

Thank you for answering a question I’ve had for some time – especially since I’ve been reading Leviticus again: How can you follow the Laws completely without performing the animal sacrifices required “for all time”? I have understood that many laws were for the Jews exclusively, while the principles of Godly life are for everyone. Now I’m beginning to understand the variables within the laws. Always enjoy and learn from your teachings and musings!

Susan Lapin says:

There’s always more to learn, isn’t there, Sonia? Glad we can help.

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