Why would only men go up to Jerusalem? – Nancy B.
You are referring to the obligation of Jewish men to go up to Jerusalem on the three major holidays; Passover, Pentecost and Tabernacles. (Exodus 23:17, Deut. 16:16) As you can see from the opening of the book of Samuel, women often accompanied the men. Ideally, families went up to Jerusalem together, but you are correct that women were not obligated to do so.